The Lima Agreement: What You Need to Know

In 2015, representatives from nearly 200 countries gathered in Lima, Peru to negotiate a global climate agreement. This agreement, known as the Lima Agreement, aimed to establish a framework for reducing greenhouse gas emissions and combatting climate change. Here`s what you need to know about this important agreement.

The Background

The Lima Agreement was the result of years of negotiations and discussions among the international community. The negotiations were centered around the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), which was established in 1992. The UNFCCC`s objective is to prevent “dangerous” human interference with the climate system, by stabilizing greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous interference with the climate system.

The Lima Agreement

The Lima Agreement was adopted by the parties of the UNFCCC at the 20th Conference of the Parties (COP20) in Lima, Peru in December 2014. The agreement was designed to pave the way for the Paris Agreement, which was adopted the following year.

The Lima Agreement established the framework for countries to submit their intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs) ahead of the Paris Conference. These INDCs outlined the climate action that each country planned to take to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. The Lima Agreement also emphasized the importance of transparency, accountability, and international cooperation in addressing climate change.

The Importance of the Lima Agreement

The Lima Agreement was an important step in addressing climate change on a global level. It laid the groundwork for the Paris Agreement, which was a historic achievement in the fight against climate change. By requiring countries to submit their INDCs ahead of the Paris Conference, the Lima Agreement ensured that climate action was on the global agenda and that every country had the opportunity to contribute to a sustainable future.

The Future of the Lima Agreement

While the Lima Agreement played a crucial role in the adoption of the Paris Agreement, its purpose has largely been fulfilled. However, the Lima Agreement continues to be an important reminder of the need for global cooperation in addressing climate change. As the world continues to grapple with the impacts of a changing climate, it`s important to remember the commitments made in Lima and the progress that has been achieved thus far.


The Lima Agreement was a crucial milestone in the global fight against climate change. By setting the stage for the Paris Agreement and emphasizing transparency, accountability, and international cooperation, the Lima Agreement helped put climate action on the global agenda. While the Lima Agreement is primarily in the past, its legacy lives on in the commitments made by countries around the world to achieve a sustainable future.